Background of Provincial Administration Organization
Provincial Administration organization is a form of local government, which still remains today. The structure and authority has improved as follows.
In 1933, the first Provincial Council was established as per Municipal Organizing Act 1933 the Tak provincial council as per this Act had the status of being an organization that provides counsel or advice to the province department. It was not a separate entity from the regional administration.
Later in the year 1937, the Provincial Council Act 1938 was enacted by separating legislation in respect of the Provincial Council in particular. However, the provincial council still served as a consultant to the province department. It was until the announcement of the Administration Act 1952 which provided the governor to be the head of governing and commanding responsible government officials in various provincial departments. This law also caused the provincial council to be a governor advisor.
Later, the role of the provincial council was improved to be more effective and for the public to participate in self-government even resulting in "the Provincial Administration" in accordance with the Provincial Administration Act 1955, which made the provincial administration to be a legal entity and a local administrator that is officially separate from the regional administration. The structure of the Provincial Administration organization consists of the governor, as head, and provincial council working jointly in accordance with the resolution of the Provincial Council and the authority of the Provincial Administration as provided by law. According to the Provincial Administration Act 1955, Section 31 requires that the Provincial Administration has the authority to run public administration within the province, outside the municipality, sanitation district and several other local government units.
The cause of the cancellation of the Provincial Administration Act, 1955 until replaced by the Provincial Administration Act 1997 was the government's enactment of Sub-District Council and Sub-District Administration Act, 1997 that raised District Council and juristic status of the district council to be the Sub-District Administration Organization (TAO) with serious impact on the provincial administration because the authority of the Provincial Administration had originally included the sub- district administration (district council) and tax collection. Fees that had originally been submitted to the provincial administration went to the district administration. That was the start of the trouble and frustration between the Provincial Administration Organization and District Management in the redundancy in terms of both areas and operating income. This later resulted in the integration of the Member of Provincial Parliament (P.C.) causing the government to enact the Provincial Administration Act 1997 to clarify the relationship between the Provincial Administration Organization and sub-district Administration Organization and more decentralization of the administration of the Provincial Administration.